Quality of a good potting mix –
This post is to educate us on the characteristics and right mix of potting soil for growing vegetables in our terrace containers
Ingredients for a good quality potting mix for vegetable garden:
- Light weight
- Nutrition rich
- Water/moisture retention
- Well drain
- Air circulation
- Pest Free
We get this in any good nursery
This is a by-product of a coconut fiber. It comes as a compressed brick/block which will expand when mixed with water. It helps in air circulation and water retention.
Coir needs less potassium and more nitrogen supplements.
Vermicompost/ Worm Castings:
Vermicompost is the result of composting vegetable waste/food waste using earth worms, ie. Red Wriggles. Vermicompost is an excellent, nutrient-rich organic fertilizer and soil conditioner.
Neem Oil/ Cake:
Neem protects the plants from insects and root based infections. Use neem oil/ powder/cake.
Cow dung, horse dung, goat dung.
Other products to add are:
Bio Promoters/ Fertilizers as given below
Pseudomonas Fluorescens – suppress plant diseases by protecting the seeds and roots from fungal infections.
Azotobactor – promotes plant growth as well as nitrogen fixation
Phosphobacteria – promotes root formation and plant growth.
- 1 part of good quality red soil/top soil
- 1 part of cocopeat
- 1 part of compost (Vermicompost/manure)
For every 15 litres of above mix add 200 grams of manure, neem oil and bio fertilizers
Mix them thoroughly, cover and leave the mix for 2-3 weeks
After 3 weeks, potting mix is ready to use.